India: Places to See

 - Delhi  - Agra  - Jaipur

DELHI:

Delhi is an excellent destination to spend your break or holidays. There are many delhi tourist places that you will not like to miss. So when you are visiting Delhi, make sure you do not leave out the important places to see in New Delhi. Delhi will make you fall in love with the place. Right from historical monuments to gardens to museums to religious places, Delhi is a treat for you. Delhi is a popular place and is well connected from the all the places in India through railway, road transportation and by air. The foreigners can come to Delhi through flights from their country. There are many places to visit in delhi.You can experience and thoroughly enjoy your stay in Delhi by visiting the following Delhi tourist attractions:

Red Fort or Lal Quila:
Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor, laid the foundation of Red Fort in 1639 and it got completed in 1648. This colossus citadel is built with red stone and that is how the fort got its name. The total area of this fort is about 2.41 km. The fort is octagonal in shape. A wide moat that was originally connected with the river and was filled with water surrounds the fort. The main entrance to the Quila is through the Lahori Gate. Some of the main buildings within the fort are: Diwan-i-Am (hall of public audience), Diwan-i-Khas (hall of selective audience), the Hamam (the bathroom set), Moti Masjid (pearl mosque), Mumtaz Mahal (one of the main palaces), Naubat Khana (music house). After India got its independence from the British rule, the National Flag of India is hoisted at the Red Fort every year on 15th of August by the Prime Minister. This magnificent structure with its historical past is truly glorious and demands your visit.

Humayun's Tomb:
The tomb of Humayun was built by the orders of Humayun's widow, Hamida Banu Begum, starting in 1562. It took 8 years for the tomb to get completed. The structure is built with red sandstone, whereas white and black marble has been used largely in the borders. This tomb is set in a geometrically arranged garden crisscrossed by numerous water channels. It is the first example of Mughal architecture, with high arches and double dome. Humayun's Tomb is one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments in Delhi.

Qutub Minar:
Your trip to Qutub Minar will be fascinating. This world heritage site is located in Mehrauli, South of Delhi. This tallest brick tower in the world, built in 1193 AD, is named after Qutab-ud-din Aibak. He ruled initially from Lahore and later moved the capital to Delhi; he is considered the first Muslim ruler of South Asia. This tower was started by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak but was completed by his son-in-law Iltutmish and ultimately by Firoz Shah Tughlak. This tower is 72.5 meters tall with 399 steps leading to the top. The base is 14.3 meters wide and the top floor is 2.75 meters wide. While visiting

Jantar Mantar:
Sawai Jia Singh II of Jaipur had built this in 1710 A.D. He was a keen astronomer. Jantar Mantar is situated at Parliament Street, close to Connaught Place. Jantar Mantar is also known as Delhi Observatory. It is made of stone and marble. This structure consists of fourteen geometric devices used for measuring time, forecasting weather changes, predicting behavior of planets and finding extraterrestrial altitude. It has always been an attraction for the architects, historians and scientists from all over the world. This popular tourist site will be a great place to explore. The structure is a masterpiece of Indian architecture which shows the scientific acumen of ancient India.

Purana Quila:
The fort was constructed on the historic site of Indraprastha by Humayun and Sher Shah. The walls of the fort have three gates and are surrounded by a mat fed by the river Yamuna. The wall was built by Humayun while the buildings in the fort are attributed to Sher Shah. The structures that have survived in the fort are the Sher Mandal and the Quila-I-kholina Mosque. As a tourist, you will cherish the fort and its brilliant architecture.

India Gate:
You have to visit India Gate, the famous landmark of New Delhi, India. It is one of the largest war memorials in India and commemorates the members of the former British Indian Army who laid their lives fighting for the Indian Empire in World War I and the Afghan Wars. The foundation stone for India Gate was laid in 1921 by the Duke of Connaught and was completed in 1931. This enormous structure was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. After India's independence, India Gate became the site of the Indian Army's tomb of the unknown soldier, known as the Amar Jawan Jyoti. The 42 meter high archway is made of red stone and has the name "INDIA" written on both sides. More than 70,000 names of soldiers are also inscribed on the arch. The archway is located on the Rajpath in New Delhi. This monument is surrounded by lawns, children's park and a boat club. Locals and tourists gather near the India Gate and spend their evenings in leisure.

Parliament House:
Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker are the architects who are responsible for building this House. The Parliament House holds two Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). It was inaugurated in the year 1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. This circular building houses ministerial offices, a number of committee rooms and a splendid library. Before visiting this place, you need to take prior permission from the Parliament Secretariat, if you are an Indian and foreigners can take permission through their Embassies or High Commissions.

Chandni Chowk:
Chandni Chowk, or 'Moonlight Square' is the most famous and historic street of Delhi, built around 300 years ago when the walled city of Shahjahanabad was established in the 17th century. The 'Trafalgar Square' of Delhi, Chandni Chowk Delhi is widely known for its century old heritage and meeting point of different cultures and traditions over the centuries.

Mughal Gardens:
This garden is spread across six hectares of the Rashtrapati Bhavan Complex. Mughal Gardens were designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens for Lady Harding. These gardens are planned according to formal Mughal style along with the British garden designs. It has more than 250 variety of roses at one place, 60 kinds of bougainvillea, and the best and largest collection of Indian marigold and dahlias of 13 different colors. The Bonsai collection is one of the finest in the country. You can visit these gardens only during the months of February and March, except on Mondays.

Japanese Garden:
This garden is maintained by the Delhi Development Authority. The Japanese Garden is situated in Rohini, Delhi. It has a beautiful lake, woods, boating facilities and the nature. You will see couples and families enjoying their evening in this garden.

Rashtrapati Bhawan:
Rashtrapati Bhawan is the building that holds President of India. It is the residence of the President. It was formerly known as 'Viceroy's House' and was occupied by the Governor-General of India, until independence.

Apart from the above mentioned places, you can visit various other tourist attractions. You will cherish all the places in Delhi as the places will be forever etched in your mind.



AGRA:
The city of Taj Mahal a trifle cleaner and greener if you have been here before. Agra - the name itself recalls the picture of Taj Mahal, a spectacular monument of love built of white marble. Agra city is not only a reputed tourist destination but also a shopper's paradise. It offers breathtakingly beautiful handcrafted items that are made of pure leather. Agra is also famous for the replicas of Taj Mahal. Furthermore, it also offers excursions to Fatehpur Sikri, Mathura and Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary that make it a complete tourist destination.
 

Sightseeing at Agra:
 

Taj Mahal : One of the Seven Wonders of the World built by Emperor Shahjahan. Renowned for its spectacular architecture and aesthetic beauty, the Taj Mahal is also a symbol of enduring love, built by Shah Jehan to house the grave of his beloved wife, Queen Mumtaz Mahal, who died following the birth of their 14th child.

Agra Fort : Built by Emperor Akbar, the Maze of Courtyards, Mosques and Private Chambers of the Fort Echoes the story of the Mughal Empire.

Sikandra : The Tomb of Emperor is Akbar the Great. Built in Red Sandstone inland with Marble. It is a striking sight.

Fatehpur Sikri : The Deserted City of Emperor Akbar literally means 'The City of Victory'.

 


JAIPUR:

Jaipur, Capital of Rajasthan also known as Pink City, surrounded on all sides by rugged hills crowned with forts and enclosed by embattled walls. Visit to City Palace which now houses a museum containing rare manuscripts, paintings, and an armoury, the observatory with a sundial 90 ft high, the museum is amidst the Ram Niwas Palace gardens founded in 1876 with a large collections of antiques, the Palace of Winds, a landmark of Jaipur made of Pink Sandstone and of unique design.

Amber 12 Kms from Jaipur, lies Amber with an old palace overlooking the lake at the entrance to rocky mountain grove, built in 17th century, the palace is a distinguished specimen of Rajput Architecture.

Sightseeing at Jaipur:

City Palace :
The magnificent City Palace is in the centre of the Pink City of Jaipur, enclosed by high walls and set amidst fine gardens and courtyards. Since it was built by Jai Singh in 1728 it has been the principal residence for the Maharajas of Jaipur and the successive rulers have each added to it. The major attractions in the palace are - Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Diwan-I-Khas, Dilkusha Mahal, Moti Mahal, Sheesh Mahal and Krishna Mahal, all of which are adorned with exquisite colours and paintings.

Amber Fort : Situated on the crest of a hill seven miles north of Jaipur is Amber, capital of the Kuchwaha Rajputs from 1037 to 1728. The city-palace is protected by towering outer walls, a further wall runs for miles along the hills surrounding the palace. For many, the most memorable part of a trip to Jaipur is the journey up the palace ramparts, through a succession of vast gates, on the back of a painted elephant – Maharaja style. Inside are the ruins of a once great palace, a wonderful example of Rajput architecture, with Mogul influences.

Hawa Mahal : (Palace of the Winds) Hawa is Jaipur' most remarkable attraction. Built in 1799, it is situated on the edge of the City Palace complex overlooking one of the city's main streets and was constructed to offer the women of the court a vantage point, behind stone-carved screens, from which to watch the activity in the bazaars below. The five-storey building is shaped like a crown adorning Lord Krishna' head and contains over 900 finely screened windows and balconies.


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