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Nepal is officially the Federal Democratic Republic country from 2008. The scholars believed that the word “Nepal” was derived from the word “Nepa” which referred to the Newar Kingdom, the present day Kathmandu Valley. The Newar word Nepa became Nepal with Sanskritization. Before the advent of Shah Dynasty, all the inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley and its peripheries (called Nepa) were referred as Newars.


Nepal is not only the birth place of Lord Buddha and country of Mt. Everest but also the land of brave Gurkha soldiers and the play ground of mystical snowman 'yeti'. Nepal is a country with one of the most diverse and rich cultures and traditions in the world. It is equally drivers in its flora and fauna. People belonging to various ethnic groups have been living here peacefully side by side for thousands of years. Nepal covers only 1,47,181 square kilometers and a population of approximately 30 million, by land mass Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest and the 41st most populous country in the world. The Nepalese people are of quite and gentle nature and are known for their hospitable behavior. Nepal is sandwiched and landlocked between two giant neighbors Republic of India to south, east & west and Republic of China to the north. It has maintained its very good relationship with both the countries. Nepal offers the best kind of adventures to the visitors, such as mountain climbing,  hill trekking, elephant riding, jungle safari, white river rafting etc. There adventures and provide just the right taste for the visitors or foreigners who are longing to enjoy their stay in Nepal, and that can be done within a few hours drive from Kathmandu valley itself.


The Nepalese Himalayans contains 8 of the 10 highest peaks on the earth including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest 8848m.), the tallest of all and deepest valleys as well as low elevation forests filled with rare animal species. Its river is wide, huge and they are potential to produce the largest hydropower in the world after Brazil. It has every kind of climate from extreme cold in the north to the tropical weather in the south. Kathmandu, the capital city experiences the weather, which is somewhat temperate.


Nepal enjoys possessing the eight-world heritage sites (cultural) offered by UNESCO including the birthplace of Lord Buddha. The Nepalese art and architecture are of awe and wonder. Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages, all have their own culture and tradition. It is said "many temples as many houses and many god-goddess as many people" in the Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu is also the cultural and artistic heart of Nepal and contains some of the oldest and best preserved cities in the world.


Climate of Nepal

Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with the geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in south summers are tropical and winters are mild.

Nepal  has six seasons.
Spring -     Basanta         April-May      
Summer -  Grishma          June-July      
Monsoon - Barsha           Late June-Mid September       
Autumn -  Sharad            September-November      
Winter -    Hiund              December-January      
Windy -     Sisir                February-March     

An average temperature drop of 6°C occurs for every 1,000 m gain in altitude. In the Terai, summer temperatures exceed 37° C and higher in some areas, winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet under sub zero. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.

The Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold winds blowing from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern boundary of the monsoon wind patterns. Eighty percent of the precipitation is received during the monsoon (June-September). Winter rains are more pronounced in the western hills. The average annual rainfall is 1,600 mm, but it varies by eco-climatic zones, such as 3,345 mm in Pokhara and below 300 mm in Mustang. An interesting fact is that there is no seasonal constraint on traveling in and through Nepal. Even in December and January, when winter is at its severest, there are compensating bright sun and brilliant views. As with most of the trekking areas in Nepal, the best time to visit are during spring and autumn. Spring is the time for rhododendrons while the clearest skies are found after the monsoon in October and November. However, Nepal can be visited the whole year round.


Passport and Visas

Visa can be obtained on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, at border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Gaddachowki on Nepal-India border and Kodari on Nepal-China border. Visa can also be obtained at the nearest Nepal Embassy or Diplomatic Mission. Visa can also be obtained (renewal purposes) at Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan, Kathmandu.A valid passport and one passport -size photo with a light background is required. Immigration Department has not specified the size of the passport-size photo.
Visa can be obtained only through payment of cash in the following currency:Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar, Singapore Dollar and Japanese Yen. Credit card, Indian currency and Nepali currency are not accepted as payment of visa fee.
The National Language is Nepali. English is understood by most of the people living in major cities and towns.
Drinking Water
Bottled water is available at local shops and supermarkets. Tap water is not recommended to drink.
Nepal has extensive road connection with almost all part of the country. Local vehicles are easily available from Kathmandu every hour of a day. Apart from road, flights can be easily provided which links almost all cities. Yo can also hire moterbikes, car, jeeps and buses at reasonable price. Most of the major attractive destinations are Pokhara, Chitwan. Lumbini, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Patan, Dharan, Illam, Bandipur and Nagarkot.

Packages for Nepal

Rafting in Trishuli River
Rafting in Trishuli River

Duration: 2 Day(s)
Rafting on the Trishuli River is an excellent opportunity to observe the diversity of demography,...

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Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing Tours
Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing Tours

Duration: 4 Day(s)
KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE (World Heritage Site): The Square teems with life as vendor’s...

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